The Saboba District is one of the twenty-six (26) districts in the Northern Region. The district was curved out of the then East Dagomba in 1988, in pursuance of the Government’s Decentralization and Local Government Reform Policy, with Saboba as the district and administrative capital. Saboba district is located in the north-eastern corridor of the Northern Region.
The district is bounded by Chereponi district to the north, Tatale/Sanguli district to the south, Yendi municipality and Gushiegu to the west. On the east, is River Oti, which serves as an international boundary between Ghana and the Republic of Togo. The Saboba district was established by a Legislative Instrument (L.I) 1904.
According to the 2010 Population and Housing Census, the population of Saboba was estimated at about 65,706 with major tribe as Konkombas and other minor tribes as Mossi, Bimobas, Dagombas, Frafra, Dagabas, Mamprusi, and Chakossi
Poor sanitary practices has engulfed the Saboba Township. Good sanitary practice is the hygienic means of promoting health through prevention of human contact with the hazards of wastes as well as the treatment and proper disposal of sewage or wastewater. Hazards can be either physical, microbiological, biological or chemical agents of disease.
Sanitation generally refers to the provision of facilities and services for the safe disposal of human urine and fecal deposits. Poor sanitary practice is a major cause of the spread of diseases world-wide and improving sanitation is known to have a significant beneficial impact on health both in households and across communities. The word ‘sanitation’ also refers to the maintenance of hygienic conditions, through services such as garbage collection and wastewater disposal.
Poor Sanitary practices will therefore means that hazards such as human wastes are not properly disposed into the designated places. This would include the method of collection, transportation of waste, treatment and disposal. All need to be thoroughly considered. As our own former UN General Secretary Kofi Annan said “We shall not defeat any of the infectious diseases that plague the developing world until we have also won the battle for safe drinking water, sanitation, and basic health”
The objective of a sanitary system is to protect and promote human health by providing a clean environment and breaking the cycle of disease. These includes all four of these engineering infrastructure items (even though often only the first one is strongly associated with the term “sanitation”): Excreta management systems, wastewater management systems (included here are wastewater treatment plants), solid waste management systems, drainage systems for rainwater, also called storm water drainage.
Can I conclude that, our systems are not in proper shape to ensure that, perpetrators of these heinous practices are brought before book to serve as a deterrent to others to copy and emulate for a stronger and worthy society? Citizens and dwellers of our society must understand that, improving sanitation is a shed responsibility and not the soul preserve of the government or Non-Governmental Organizations but a much collaborated effort to ensure that our society thinks in line with the Sustainable Development Goal number 6 “Clean water and Sanitation”. Let think twice to build a good and proper sanitary society for our children and generations.
The writer is a Youth Activist with the Saboba Youth Centre.
Jutta Tibe Kombian